Common Eye Conditions
Dr. Nguyen and her team at A+ Vision Optometry are committed to diagnosing and developing a treatment plan for all of our patients’ unique vision care needs. While we treat a number of eye health issues, below are some of the more common conditions that we see.
Myopia, commonly called nearsightedness, is a refractive error, meaning that the shape of the eye or its cornea improperly bends light as it enters the eye. This hinders your ability to focus. Myopia is the most common refractive error of the eyes, and it is caused by several factors including eye strain, overuse and genetic predisposition.
Inherited myopia develops during childhood and can worsen over time, underscoring the importance of pediatric vision care and regular exams.
Hyperopia, commonly called farsightedness, is characterized by difficulty focusing on nearby objects while being able to see objects at a distance properly. Hyperopia occurs when the eye is too short or when your cornea is flatter or less round than normal. This causes light entering the eye to be improperly focused onto the retina (the back of the eye where photoreceptor cells are located).
Hyperopia can be treated with glasses, contacts or surgery. Minor cases of hyperopia may not require treatment.
Astigmatism occurs when either the cornea or the lens is abnormally curved. It is important to note that nearly everyone has some degree of astigmatism, as ocular structures are almost always imperfect. When the cornea or lens has a particularly pronounced curvature, however, light rays fail to focus properly onto the retina. This leads to blurry vision. Unlike farsightedness or nearsightedness, astigmatism causes blurred vision at any distance. Many people have astigmatism in addition to farsightedness or nearsightedness.
Astigmatism can be treated in a variety of ways, from glasses to surgery. Dr. Nguyen will discuss all of your options with you during your consultation.
Anisometropia occurs when the eyes experience different refractive errors. This difference in ability interrupts normal binocular vision because one eye will see a larger image and the other a smaller image. Vision becomes blurred.
It is very important to treat anisometropia promptly as it can cause amblyopia (sometimes called lazy eye) when one eye becomes permanently weaker than the other. Anisometropia is treated with glasses or contacts that utilize lenses of two different strengths.
Contact A+ Vision Therapy Today!
To make an appointment to discuss your eye conditions, fill out an online appointment request form, or call us at (949) 364-4455. A+ Vision Optometry is a full-service optometrist that offers adult and pediatric vision care as well as vision therapy.